Bourdieu, Pierre

(1930-2002)
   sociologist
   A leading champion of the antiglobalization movement, Pierre Bourdieu was born in Deguin, Pyrénées-Atlantique, and educated in Paris at the École normale supérieure. After teaching at the University of Algiers, he became professor at the Collège de France and began his writings. His works are based on a triple translation of Karl Marx, Max Weber, and émile durkheim. He sought to analyze such issues as force, legitimacy, and belief in groups. Bourdieu also considered the work of claude Lévi-Strauss and borrowed ideas from Sigmund Freud (for example, that of "denial"). Beginning with Les Héritiers (1966), up to La Distinction critique sociale du jugement (1979), Bourdieu was interested particularly in the sociology of culture and the link between domination and symbolic violence. The dominated internalize the condition under the form of a disposition to act, or "habitus" (Le Sens pratique, 1980). His notion of space, considered as a series of rooms, allows an analysis of the constraints that weigh on individuals; this is essentially reproduced in the school system (La Reproduction: éléments d'une théorie du système d'enseignement, 1970). The difference of capital culture between students, which the school treats in an egalitarian fashion, gives children of different social categories unequal chances for success. Bourdieu and his students were critical of the concept of public opinion and the use of opinion polls, as well as the mechanisms that claim to represent the views of dominant groups. Règles de l'art: genèse et structure du champ littéraire (1992), a study of the work of gustave flaubert, is also an important contribution to the socialization of art. One of France's leading sociologists, Bourdieu has been described as the "intellectual reference" for any opposition to free-market orthodoxy and globalization.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Bourdieu, Pierre — born Aug. 1, 1930, Denguin, France died Jan. 23, 2002, Paris French sociologist and public intellectual. Bourdieu introduced the concept of cultural capital, wealth based on social status and education, noting that success in school and society… …   Universalium

  • Bourdieu, Pierre — (1 ago. 1930, Denguin, Francia–23 ene. 2002, París). Sociólogo e intelectual francés. Introdujo el concepto de capital cultural, riqueza basada en el estatus social y la educación, y destacó que el éxito escolar y social depende en gran medida de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pierre Bourdieu — Full name Pierre Bourdieu Born 1 August 1930 Denguin, Pyrénées Atlantiques, France Died 23 January 2002( …   Wikipedia

  • Pierre Bourdieu — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pierre Bourdieu Sociología Occidental Siglo XX Na …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pierre Bourdieu — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bourdieu. Pierre Bourdieu Naissance 1er août 1930 Denguin, France Décès 23 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre Bourdieu (berger) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bourdieu et Pierre Bourdieu. Pierre Bourdieu (1895 1969) est un berger français d Escot, dans les Pyrénées Atlantiques. Il est connu pour avoir effectué des ascensions en escalade, le plus souvent pieds nus. Le 4 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pierre — /pear/ for 1; /pee air / or, Fr., /pyerdd/ for 2, n. 1. a city in and the capital of South Dakota, in the central part, on the Missouri River. 11,973. 2. a male given name, form of Peter. * * * I City (pop., 2000: 13,876), capital of South Dakota …   Universalium

  • Pierre — (as used in expressions) Ailly, Pierre d Anouilh, Jean (Marie Lucien Pierre) Balmain, Pierre (Alexandre Claudius) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Bayle, Pierre Beaumarchais, Pierre Augustin Caron de Beauregard, P(ierre) G(ustave) T(outant) Belloc,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pierre Bourdieu — Pierre Félix Bourdieu [pjɛːʀ feˈliks buʀˈdjø] (* 1. August 1930 in Denguin; † 23. Januar 2002 in Paris) war ein französischer Soziologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 1.1 Familie und Ausbildung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pierre Bourdieu — (1. august 1930 23. januar 2002) fransk sociolog. Bourdieu (1930 2002) blev født i landsbyen Denguin i departementet Pyrénées Atlantiques i det sydvestlige Frankrig i 1930. Han voksede op i beskedne kår, men afsluttede sin karriere på det franske …   Danske encyklopædi

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